Depression…Challenges in serving kids with an episodic disability

Sad boyThis is Part Six in our Winter 2013 blog series Understanding Depression in Kids and Teens…A Primer for Pastors, Church Staff and Christian Parents. Today, we’ll discuss one of the challenges in thinking about depression as a disability…the reality that for many kids and adults, depression tends to come and go over time. We’ll also talk about what a church staff member or volunteer might observe if a child or teen is experiencing depression.

Two big challenges that our team has faced in training church staff and volunteers in the concept of “hidden disabilities” involve our mental models of what constitutes a disability. One concept we’ve written of previously in this blog involve conditions that are disabling in some environments but not others. For example, separation anxiety in a school-age child might not be an impediment to church attendance in a Roman Catholic church where kids are expected to sit through the Mass with their families, but very well could be a barrier in a non-denominational church where kids proceed to a different area of the church campus for age-appropriate programming.

The other unique challenge involves conditions that can be very disabling during acute episodes, but partially or completely resolve either in response to effective treatment or spontaneously of their own accord. Mood disorders, including depression and manic episodes in a person with bipolar disorder are probably the two most common chronic conditions I see in children and adolescents that manifest episodically.

ID-100105034I’d certainly argue that depression constitutes a significant disability because it represents a mental disorder responsible for substantial limitations in major life activities. What’s different about depression from the perspective of inclusion at church is that in churches with established disability ministries, the staff and volunteers leading those ministries probably have no history with the child or their family unless other comorbid conditions that frequently accompany depression required accommodations in the past. The first people in a church likely to suspect a problem will be the youth pastor or a small group leader when they notice an often abrupt change in the pattern of involvement of a teen suffering from depression. Unlike the other conditions we’ve discussed since launching the blog, in the absence of another mental health condition or a parent with a disability, I’d hypothesize kids with depression wouldn’t be any less likely to start attending church…they’ll have difficulty staying involved with church once symptomatic.

What are some signs a pastor, group leader or volunteer might notice that would lead them to question whether a kid might be suffering from depression in a church setting? Keep in mind that these signs are not exclusive to depression and may be explained by a variety of medical, psychological or environmental conditions…

  • Abrupt withdrawal from ministry programming they attended regularly and enjoyed
  • Significant changes in weight in a relatively short time
  • A marked increase in feelings of worthlessness or guilt 
  • Expressions of suicidal thinking or self-destructive behavior

We’ll address the issue of seeking help for depression later on in the series, but it’s not the purview of a church staff member or volunteer to make a diagnosis of depression after observing a child or teen unless they have performed a formal assessment within the scope of their training or licensure. It is appropriate to pastors or volunteers to accurately and truthfully share observations with parents consistent with an emotionally  “safe” ministry environment in which confidentiality rights are respected. It is appropriate to make a phone call or send an e-mail or a text to a student and/or their parents when they abruptly discontinue an ongoing ministry involvement to inquire if they’re OK and to identify ways in which the church may be supportive.

A brief statement on confidentiality…I tell kids in my office that everything they say to me stays confidential with two exceptions…if they have recurrent thoughts of suicide or a specific plan to commit suicide, or a plan to kill or seriously hurt someone else, I’m obligated to tell their parents and take immediate steps to protect them or others as the situation necessitates. If I discover they’re being physically or sexually abused or neglected, I’m obligated to tell their county officials.

Laws on confidentiality and duty to report vary by state to state…it’s important that pastors and church staff become familiar with the legal requirements and precedents in their home state. In Ohio (my home state), pastors and church staff have the same legal responsibility as educators and licensed health professionals to report suspected abuse.

With minors, acting in good faith, I’m going to err on the side of protecting the child.

Photos courtesy of  freedigitalphotos.net

***********************************************************************************************************

Key Ministry’s mission is to help churches reach families affected by disability by providing FREE resources to pastors, volunteers, and individuals who wish to create an inclusive ministry environment. We have designed our Key Catalog to create fun opportunities for our ministry supporters to join in our mission through supporting a variety of gift options. Click here to check it out! For a sixty second summary of what Key Ministry does, watch the video below…

About Dr. G

Dr. Stephen Grcevich serves as President and Founder of Key Ministry, a non-profit organization providing free training, consultation, resources and support to help churches serve families of children with disabilities. Dr. Grcevich is a graduate of Northeastern Ohio Medical University (NEOMED), trained in General Psychiatry at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation and in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at University Hospitals of Cleveland/Case Western Reserve University. He is a faculty member in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at two medical schools, leads a group practice in suburban Cleveland (Family Center by the Falls), and continues to be involved in research evaluating the safety and effectiveness of medications prescribed to children for ADHD, anxiety and depression. He is a past recipient of the Exemplary Psychiatrist Award from the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI). Dr. Grcevich was recently recognized by Sharecare as one of the top ten online influencers in children’s mental health. His blog for Key Ministry, www.church4everychild.org was ranked fourth among the top 100 children's ministry blogs in 2015 by Ministry to Children.
This entry was posted in Controversies, Depression, Hidden Disabilities, Inclusion, Key Ministry, Mental Health and tagged , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to Depression…Challenges in serving kids with an episodic disability

  1. Ann Holmes says:

    Thanks again, Steve, for sharing from your gravitas!

    Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s